Easy to Install Laravel 7 on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how it is easy to install Laravel 7 on Ubuntu 20.04.

Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web framework, created by Taylor Otwell and intended for the development of web applications following the model–view–controller architectural pattern and based on Symfony.


Step 1 - Keep the server up to date

# yum update -y

Step 2 - Install software dependencies

# apt install -y php-mbstring php-xml php-fpm php-zip php-common php-fpm php-cli unzip curl nginx

Step 3 - Install Composer

# curl -s | php

# mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Verify the composer installation using following command:

# composer diagnose


Checking platform settings: OK
Checking git settings: OK
Checking http connectivity to packagist: OK
Checking https connectivity to packagist: OK
Checking rate limit: OK
Checking disk free space: OK
Checking pubkeys:
Tags Public Key Fingerprint: 57815BA2 7E54DC31 7ECC7CC5 573090D0 87719BA6 8F3BB723 4E5D42D0 84A14642
Dev Public Key Fingerprint: 4AC45767 E5EC2265 2F0C1167 CBBB8A2B 0C708369 153E328C AD90147D AFE50952
Checking composer version: OK
Composer version: 1.10.10
PHP version: 7.4.3
PHP binary path: /usr/bin/php7.4
OpenSSL version: OpenSSL 1.1.1f 15 Oct 2020

Step 4 - Install MariaDB

# apt install -y mariadb-client mariadb-server

Start and enable the mariadb.service using following command:

# systemctl start mariadb.service

# systemctl enable mariadb.service

When we install Mariadb, root password set to blank. We need to set a root password and configure some settings. To do it run following command and configure it by answering some of the security questions.

# mysql_secure_installation

Step 5 - Install Laravel

Replace example with your project name where it appears throughout this guide.

1. Create a Laravel project with Composer. You may disregard the warning not to run Composer as root for this step. See the Composer documentation for details.

# cd /var/www/html
# composer global require laravel/installer
# composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel example

2. Install the example project.

# composer install

3. Test the Laravel application manually in the /var/www/html/example folder. Replace the example IP address with your server’s IP.

# cd /var/www/html/example
# php artisan serve --host= --port=8000

Step 6 - Configure Nginx

1. Set the file permissions. Replace example with your Laravel project name.

# chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/example

# chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/html/example

2. Create an Nginx configuration file.

# vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/example

3. Paste the following to your example configuration file.

If you installed a different version of PHP, edit the /var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock value for your version. You can find your sock file in /var/run/php/.

server {
listen 80;
root /var/www/html/example/public;

add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff";

index index.php;

charset utf-8;

location / {
try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;

location = /favicon.ico { access_log off; log_not_found off; }
location = /robots.txt { access_log off; log_not_found off; }

error_page 404 /index.php;

location ~ \.php$ {
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $realpath_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;

location ~ /\.(?!well-known).* {
deny all;

4. Enable the Nginx configuration.

# ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/example /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

5. Test the Nginx configuration

# nginx -t

If there is no error after running above command restart nginx service.

# systemctl restart nginx

Test that your Laravel application loads properly in a web browser.

Step 7 - Configure MariaDB

Log in to MariaDB as root.

# mysql -p -u root

Create a database named laravel.

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE `laravel` CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;

Create a database user.

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'laraveluser’@’%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Grant permissions.

MariaDB [(none)]> use laravel;
MariaDB [laravel]> GRANT ALL ON `laravel.*` TO 'laraveluser’@’%';
MariaDB [laravel]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [laravel]> EXIT;

Edit the Laravel application .env file.

# vi /var/www/html/example/.env

Set the database connection variables.


Save and exit the file.

We have successfully install and configured Laravel.

In this tutorial we have seen how it is easy to install Laravel 7 on Ubuntu 20.04.

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